The School of official Languages of Cordoba, Andalusia organised a trip to the city of Granada to visit the Alhambra, which is one of the most important Islamic monuments in Andalusia. A large number of students from the School’s Department of Arabic Language participated in the trip that comes within the cultural cooperation between the School of official Languages of Cordoba and Abdulaziz Saud Al-Babtain Cultural Foundation
The students listened to a detailed explanation of the Alhambra, where the tour guide noted that the palace was built in the era of the Moorish emir Mohammed ben Al-Ahmar of the Emirate of Granada, and joined the World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1984. It is one of the most important and most visited sites in Spain.
Alhambra is a palace and fortress complex located in Granada on a rocky hill that is difficult to access. Originally designed as a military area, the Alhambra became the residence of royalty and of the court of Granada in the middle of the thirteenth century.
Throughout the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the fortress became a citadel with high ramparts and defensive towers, which house two main areas: the military area, or Alcazaba, the barracks of the royal guard, and the medina or court city, the location of the famous Nasrid Palaces and the remains of the houses of noblemen and plebeians who lived there. The red earth from which the fortress is constructed is a granular aggregate held together by a medium of red clay which gives the resulting layered brick- and stone- reinforced construction its characteristic hue and is at the root of the name of 'the Red Hill'.
The complex of monuments also has an independent palace opposite the Alhambra, surrounded by orchards and gardens, which was where the Granadine kings relaxed: the Generalife.